Madagascar

 

ABOUT MADAGASCAR:

Madagascar is the 4th biggest island in the world, located in the East Africa coast, across the Mozambican Channel in the south Indian Ocean. Inhabitants of the island are called Malagasy and they are around 21,000,000 today. Languages spoken are Malagasy and French. Malagasy population is characterized by a big variety of traditions and customs. Some involve risky behaviour with regard to HIV and AIDS infection. 40% of the population is Christians.

AIDS IN MADAGASCAR:

Madagascar HIV prevalence rate is under 1%. However, there is a high STDs (sexually transmissible disease) prevalence, which makes the Malagasy more vulnerable to HIV infection. Furthermore, latest figures show that there are specific groups with a high HIV prevalence: prevalence rate for MSM (men who have sex with men) is 14.7% and for IDU (injection drug users) 7.1%[1].

CHURCH RESPONSE TO HIV AND AIDS

There are number of programs responding to HIV and AIDS. A National Strategic Plan to respond to AIDS is available from the government though it is now under review. Church and Faith entities involvement in the fight against stigma and discrimination and in the promotion of low risk sexual behaviour are the critical part of this Malagasy National Strategic Plan. Therefore, for Madagascar to be part of PACANet network is a great opportunity. MACANet (Malagasy Christian AIDS Network) is now up and running, willing to bring an add-value in the fight against HIV and AIDS in Madagascar and in Africa in general in promoting the Christians networking and coordinating their response to HIV and AIDS.

CCANet MADAGASCAR: MACANet (Malagasy Christian AIDS Network)

MACANet is officially registered since March 2010, further to several PACANet’s visits in the island, who followed the process of development of a network in a country. Once the final step of the process reached which is the consensus building conference, a Board has been set up.

Currently there are 14 members of MACANet. Members from Church mother bodies include FJKM (Church of Jesus-Christ in Madagascar), EKAR (Roman Catholic Church), FLM (Malagasy Lutheran Church), EEM (Anglical Church), METM (Malagasy Evangelical Mission Church), FMTA (Independent Protestant Church Malagasy Tranozozoro Antranobiriky) , Jesosy Mamonjy (Pentecostal Church Jesus Saves ) along with the FMMB (Scripture Union), FMBM (Malagasy Bible Society), PACWA (Pan-African Christian Women Alliance), UGBM (Malagasy Fellowship of Evangelical Students), NGO Andri Afo Iombonana, COE/EHAIA (World Council of Churches) and Balsama Fanantenana.

Speaking about HIV and AIDS activities, each member from the Church mother bodies has their own strategy. For instance, the FLM established an association called JAIRO which is handling psychosocial and medical care of Persons Living With HIV and AIDS (PLWHA). They also have 3 medical consultants and do some awareness-raising activities towards churches. As for the EKAR, they are focused on the education (Education à la Vie et à l’Amour EVA which means Education to Life & Love for the youth, School of parents…) as response to the pandemic. Moreover, FJKM has KPMS (Protestant committee fighting against AIDS) which activities are summarized by TOT to basic trainers, pair educators, and to pastoral trainers. They also have pastoral care.

 

Perspective of MACANet development is high and the network is willing to extend its membership to the whole Christian communities around the country.Christians involvement in the response to HIV and AIDS will make a difference in Madagascar. To maintain a low prevalence rate of AIDS in Madagascar is one of MACANet major priorities so that this country network will contribute in a significant way to reach PACANet’s vision: Africa free of AIDS where its impact has been mitigated.

Executive Secretariat:

Coordinator: Mrs Joanne RAMANGASON

Tel: + (261) 32 40 010 44 / +(261) 33 73 410 47 / + (261) 34 43 914 18

E-mail:  macanetcoordo@blueline.mg or macanet@pacanet.net

MACANet’s headquarters:

MACANet
Lot VK 03 Vohipiraisana Ambohijatovo Ambony
ANTANANARIVO 101 MADAGASCAR



[1] ESBC(Behavioural and biological monitoring survey) 2010